Irrefutable Proof From Necropsy Reports

From state necropsy reports, proving (again) that abuse, suffering, and death are inherent to horseracing.

Arizona
“Proximal sesamoid fractures may carry an occurrence rate as high as 41.5% in racing Thoroughbreds. Approximately 80% of all forelimb proximal sesamoid fractures are biaxial (both the lateral and medial sesamoid bones are fractured). Racing puts excessive force on suspensory ligament attachments to the proximal aspect of these bones, and creates the condition of fetlock joint hyperextension, predisposing this location to injury.”

“The sesamoid bones are commonly fractured in racehorses, as this joint can hyperextend and the sesamoids hit the ground with a high impact force.”

“Carpal bone injuries are relatively common findings in racehorses [and] are thought to be a consequence of repetitive impact trauma associated with fast exercise and training.”

“Humeral fractures occur in racing animals as catastrophic failure or accumulation of stress and microfractures.”

“Exercise-induced pulmonary hemorrhage is a common finding in racehorses.”

“Chronic ulcers [are] a common finding in racehorses, mostly attributed to stress, high grain diet, and higher use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.”

California
“Mild-to-moderate injuries of the suspensory apparatus have been positively associated with mechanical fatigue associated with repetitive activities (overextension), and consequently increased risk for catastrophic injuries.”

“Up to 90% of racehorses [have] gastric ulcers; factors that increase the likelihood of ulcers: stall confinement, stress, NSAIDs.”

“Streptococcus zooepidemicus is the most common bacteria isolated from cases of pneumonia in racehorses. Some predisposing factors such as restraint during transportation, specifically when the animals are unable to lower their heads, impedes the correct clearance of oronasal secretions leading to bacterial colonization. Other environmental factors for bacterial pneumonia include high dust load and poor ventilation.”

Florida
“A condylar fracture is a disease of speed. A fracture to the left lateral forelimb is most common in racehorses as they turn the track on a weakened bone and increased loading on the lateral condyle.”

Maryland
“Microdamage occurs because of repetitive, high magnitude loads during training and racing.”

“Preexisting stress fractures and stress remodeling are the most common contributing factors to catastrophic failure. The fracture is a compilation of physical activity where muscles, body weight, and ground forces place excessive strain on muscles, tendons, bone, ligament, meniscus, synovial membrane, joint capsule, and cartilage.”

New Jersey
“Laminitis and coronitis are common, painful conditions of [racehorses], resulting in the separation of the epidermal laminae from the underlying basement membrane of the dermal laminae of the hoof.”

Pennsylvania
“Score lines and bruising in front fetlocks are suggestive of repetitive osseous stress syndrome, a common finding in fetlocks of racing Thoroughbreds.”